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+ Techno World Inc - The Best Technical Encyclopedia Online! » Forum » THE TECHNO CLUB [ TECHNOWORLDINC.COM ] » Techno Articles » Management
  The Basics Of Taxes
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The Basics Of Taxes
« Posted: February 15, 2008, 10:48:59 AM »


A tax is a financial levy or contributions imposed by the government on an individual or a legal entity. These taxes helps the government to pay for certain services such as schools, roads, hospitals, and also indirect government functions like good regulation or justice systems. There are various forms of taxes levied by the government and the most common forms are the direct and indirect taxation.
Direct taxation refer to those taxes that are collected by the government from the people or organization on whom they are ostensibly imposed and are paid straight to the government by way of yearly income tax returns. For instance, income taxes are collected from the person who earns the income. On the other hand Indirect taxation comes from the purchase of goods in retail venues and are collected from someone other than the person ostensibly responsible for paying the taxes. Indirect taxes are imposed on rights, privileges, and activities.

Historically, the first reference to a system of taxation dates back to the ancient Egyptians. Documentation shows that the pharaoh would conduct a biennial tour of the kingdom, collecting tax revenues from the people. At that time money was not widely in use and as a result goods and livestock were often the sole means of contribution. Individuals often gave according to their line of work and those who could not or did not contribute enough were penalized. Taxation levels are hard to compare to the size and flow of the economy since production numbers are not as readily available. In times of war, it was common for taxes to spike significantly to afford the expenses of arming soldiers and ensuring victory. Such times could have a heavy burden on an average citizen.

Taxes are most often levied as a percentage, called the tax rate. While there are rates for taxation set on federal levels, states and counties can also set their own taxation rates to help pay for various public works. These percentages can vary depending on the entity that sets them. In connection to the purchase of goods, individuals pay the tax immediately with the price of the item. The retailer then regularly calculates these taxes from sales, on both state and federal levels, and pays them to appropriate office of revenue. In cases of real estate and other property, taxes are paid annually. Retailers and individuals who do not pay the correct amount of tax due on goods or real estate can face stiff fines and possible imprisonment.

Taxes have been a fundamental part of history and there is almost no country on this planet that does not have some point of contention with their current system. Where ever money is an issue, it is expected that citizens of that country will constantly express concern of whether a tax is too high or if the money collected is spent appropriately. It is commonly said that, it was the taxation of tea that lit the fuse to American independence. Almost a part of tradition, taxes have remained at the top of the agenda when it comes to hot button issues for politicians. Whether we disagrees with our tax system or not, a good number of things that citizens depends on everyday would not be possible were it not for an intricately structured tax system.

Taxation in economical terms refer to transfers of wealth from households or businesses to the government of a nation and as a result taxes will continue to be a fundamental and vital element of every government. www.TaxesMoney.com is a reputable site helping thousands of people on almost everything related to taxes.

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